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爆炸科学与技术国家重点实验室学术报告预告

发布日期:2017-08-28

  主办:机电学院爆炸科学与技术国家重点实验室 安全与防护协同创新中心

  报告题目:THE PHYSICS AND MECHANICS OF DYNAMIC SHEAR LOCALIZATION

  报告人:ProfessorD. Rittel

  The Zandman Chair in Experimental Mechanics, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology

  时间:2017年8月30日下午3:30

  地点:3号教学楼146会议室

  个人简介:

  D. Rittel holds a PhD in Materials Science (1988) from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He spent 2 years as a postdoc at Yale University working on the fracture of tungsten base heavy alloys, followed by 3.5 years at Ecole Polytechnique (France), working on experimental dynamic fracture mechanics. He the joined Technion (Mechanical Engineering) in 1994 where he founded the Dynamic Fracture Laboratory.

  As of today, D. Rittel holds the Zandman Chair in Experimental Mechanics, heads the Materials Mechanics Center. He is also the Deputy Senior Vice President (Vice Provost) of Technion. D. Rittel was the Clark B. Millikan Visiting Professor in Aeronautics (2007) at Caltech where he holds a Visiting Associate position, and incumubent of a Catedra de Excellencia at UC3M (Madrid) in 2012, where he is now Honorary Professor.

  Throughout the years, D. Rittel has has developed expertise in the many aspects of dynamic failure, including fracture mechanics, constitutive behavior, dynamic failure mechanisms and numerical modeling. He is a Fellow of the Society for Experimental Mechanics (SEM) and of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).

  D. Rittel’s interest is in the thermomechanics and physics of dynamic failure with regard to dynamic fragmentation, fracture, adiabatic shear banding and hysteretic heating. In addition,  D. Rittel is also active in the field of biomechanics of dental implants.  As of today, he has co-authored about 160 journal publications which have been cited more than 2000 times (without self-citation).His H-index is 27. Among these journal papers, 7 in APL, 2 in PRL, 2 in Science Report, 13 in JMPS, 15 in IJIE,  19 in Mechanics of Mateiral, 10 in IJSS (Int. J. Solids and Structures).

  Dr. Rittel is Associate Editor of Mechanics of Materials, the International Journal of Engineering Science, as well as the International Journal of Impact Engineering. In 2015, D. Rittel was awarded the prestigious Gili Agostinelli Prize (Torino Academy of Sciences, Italy) for his work on adiabatic shear localization. In 2018, he will receive the BJ. Lazan award from the SEM.

  

  报告摘要:

  Dynamic shear localization, also known as adiabatic shear banding (ASB), is a frequently observed failure mechanism in dynamically loaded solids (crystalline and amorphous). ASB is traditionally considered as a material instability, and modeled consequently. Since the early days of Zener and Hollomon (1944), it is well established that ASB arises from the destabilizing competition between strain (rate) hardening and thermal softening, the latter ultimately prevailing at failure.

  In this talk, we will present a completely different point of view, based largely on experimental and microstructural work at various scales. It will be shown that the phenomenon is first of all related to the so-called dynamically “stored energy of cold work”, which implies in turn a direct connection with the material microstructure, and hence its deformation micro-mechanisms, as an alternative to the classical continuum approaches.We will elaborate on those microstructural evolutions, with emphasis on dynamic recrystallization, twinning and their interaction.

  Finally, ballistic perforation experiments and their modeling based on the above-mentioned concepts will be briefly presented, as an application of the above.